Eastern Catholic | Wikipedia audio article
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
00:03:00 1 Terminology
00:03:34 1.1 iRite/i or ichurch/i
00:07:05 1.2 iUniate/i
00:08:10 2 History
00:08:19 2.1 Background
00:08:55 2.1.1 Council of Ephesus (431 AD)
00:10:02 2.1.2 Council of Chalcedon (451 AD)
00:11:44 2.1.3 East–West Schism (1054)
00:13:54 2.1.4 Attempts at restoring communion
00:16:23 2.2 Emergence of Eastern Catholic churches
00:17:46 2.3 iOrientalium dignitas/i
00:20:09 2.4 Second Vatican Council
00:20:45 2.4.1 iOrientalium Ecclesiarum/i
00:22:29 2.4.2 iLumen gentium/i
00:23:41 2.4.3 Unitatis Redintegratio
00:23:59 2.4.4 Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches
00:24:49 2.4.5 Liturgical prescriptions
00:27:35 3 Organisation
00:27:44 3.1 Papal supreme authority
00:28:08 3.2 Eastern patriarchs and major archbishops
00:29:14 3.3 Variants of organizational structure
00:30:35 3.4 Juridical status
00:33:31 3.5 Bi-ritual faculties
00:35:31 3.6 Clerical celibacy
00:38:50 4 List of Eastern Catholic churches
00:39:51 4.1 Membership
00:40:57 4.2 Other
00:42:47 5 Persecution
00:42:56 5.1 Islamic world
00:43:43 5.2 Eastern Europe
00:47:21 5.3 United States
00:48:38 6 See also
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"The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing."
The Eastern Catholic Churches or Oriental Catholic Churches, also called the Eastern-rite Catholic Churches, and in some historical cases Uniate Churches, are twenty-three Eastern Christian particular churches sui iuris in full communion with the Pope in Rome, as part of the worldwide Catholic Church. Eastern Catholic churches separated from mainly Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and United to Roman Catholic Church.The same way Roman Catholic separated to join Orthodox Church is called Western Rite Orthodoxy.Headed patriarchs, metropolitans, and major archbishops, the Eastern Catholic Churches are governed in accordance with the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, although each church also has its own canons and laws on top of this, and the preservation of their own traditions is explicitly encouraged. The total membership of the various churches accounts for about 18 million, according to the Annuario Pontificio (the annual directory of the Catholic Church), thus making up about 1.5 percent of the Catholic Church, with the rest of its more than 1.2 billion members belonging to the Latin Church, also known as the Western Church.
The Maronite Church is considered the only one of the Eastern Catholic Churches to have always remained in full communion with the Holy See, while most of the other churches unified from the 16th century onwards. However, the Melkite Catholic Church and the Italo-Albanian Greek Catholic Church also claim perpetual communion. The largest five Churches based on membership are: the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (Byzantine Rite), the Syro-Malabar Church (East Syriac Rite), the Maronite Church (West Syriac Rite), the Melkite Catholic Church (Byzantine Rite), and the Armenian Catholic Church (Armenian Rite). These five Churches account for about 80% of the Eastern Catholic Churches.
Full communion constitutes mutual sacramental sharing between the Eastern Catholic Churches and the Latin Church, including Eucharistic intercommunion. On the other hand, the liturgical traditions of the 23 Eastern Catholic churches, including Byzantine, Alexandrian, Armenian, East Syriac, and West Syriac, are shared with other Eastern Christian churches: the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, the Assyrian Church of the East, and the Ancient Church of the East. Although some theological issues divide the Eastern Catholic churches from other Eastern Christian ones, they do admit members of the latter to the Eucharist and the other sacraments, as governed by Oriental canon law.Notably, many Eastern Catholic churches take a different approach to clerical celibacy than the Latin Church does and allow the ordination of married men to the priesthood (although not to the episcopacy).
Eastern Catholic Churches have their origins in the Middle East, East Africa, Eastern Eur ...